Smaller assisted living communities, on average, have more residents who need assistance with activities of daily living, more residents with Alzheimer’s disease or depression, more residents who are Medicaid beneficiaries and younger residents compared with larger communities, according to a data brief published Tuesday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics.
The smaller communities — those with four to 25 beds — have fewer residents with cardiovascular disease compared with communities that are larger, however.
The brief, which shares data from the NCHS’ 2016 National Study of Long-Term Care Providers, also found that the percentage of residents who had fallen in the previous 90 days increased with community size as measured by beds. The brief groups communities into three sizes: four to 25 beds, 26 to 50 beds and 50 or more beds.
Across all community sizes, the most common ADL with which residents needed assistance was bathing, followed by walking, dressing, toileting, transferring and eating.